The modern enterprise must be resilient in turbulent times. Supply chains are highly sensitive and can be destroyed by even relatively small disruptions. In this report the authors examine a variety of supply chain disruptions caused by supply chain-related disruptions and disasters, from hurricanes to military conflict, and review actions that have been taken to mitigate and manage the disruptions or risks of disruptions. The goal of this report is to enable readers to understand the importance and impact of supply chain disruption on business optimization and to implement effective mitigation actions and alternative solutions. Because much of the focus of this report is on supply chains affected directly by natural disasters, the scope of the report is limited to natural disasters occurring from 2010 to 2018. The scope of this report has been expanded to also cover supply chain disruptions caused by national emergencies such as war and other major disasters such as earthquakes and terrorist attacks. Additionally the scope of the report includes multiple strategies to mitigate and manage supply chain disruptions, particularly the disruption caused by natural disasters.
The supply chain can be defined as the chain of activities involved in producing and delivering a product or service to a customer. It is a system of both physical and informational operations, including the movement of products and information among different regions and organizations. A supply chain typically begins with raw materials at the beginning stage and ends when the final product is delivered to the customer.
The shipping container: one of the most important supply chain innovation in recent decades. The shipping container business has more than tripled in the past four years, and the two biggest companies have more than 46% of the industry's revenue. In 2013, ports received 1.3 million containers, up from about 600,000 in 2000. That is more container traffic in a year than there were then in five years. d2c66b5586